Original White Sandalwood, from Timor Island (Indonesia).
Type: white sandalwood, has longlife fragnant and the smells very strong.
Bead size: 0.5 x 0.8 cm
Indonesian Sandalwood is currently very rare.
Sandalwood, or fragrant sandalwood, is a tree that produces sandalwood and sandalwood oil. The wood is used as spices, incense, aromatherapy, perfume mixes, and keris sangkur (warangka). Good wood can retain its aroma for centuries. It is said that in Sri Lanka this wood was used to embalm the corpses of the king's daughters since the 9th century. In Indonesia, this wood is commonly found in East Nusa Tenggara, especially on the island of Timor, although now it can also be found on the island of Java and other islands of Nusa Tenggara.
There are two types of Sandalwood, namely Red Sandalwood and White Sandalwood.
Red sandalwood grows mostly in Funan and India, while white sandalwood grows in East Nusa Tenggara, including on the islands of Flores, Alor, Sumba, Solor, Adonara, Lomblen, Pantar, Timor, Rote, and Sabu.
In terms of quality, they are not the same. Red Sandalwood is relatively less fragrant and of poor quality, so it is not well-traded.
Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) is a plant originating from the Indonesian archipelago, namely the Outer Banda Arc of Islands which is located in the southeast of Indonesia, and mainly among them are the islands of Timor and Sumba. The history of the sandalwood trade in the past, also supports that sandalwood is a native plant in East Nusa Tenggara, especially on the islands of Timor and Sumba.
The existence of sandalwood grows in India, related to the sandalwood trade in the past, which is then imported to India, and developed in India in areas with climates and habitats such as in East Nusa Tenggara, especially on the islands of Timor and Sumba.
The oldest data on sandalwood trade from the island of Timor is recorded in the 3rd century that China was the main country buying sandalwood. The earliest mentioned trade in sandalwood in Indonesia is dated to the Yuan dynasty, in the 12th and 13th centuries. Hsing-cha Shenglan in 1436 during the Ming Dynasty, described the mountains on the island of Timor as being covered by sandalwood trees and this area did not produce any other wood, apart from sandalwood. Indeed, Chinese trade at that time was very rapid; the ships used for this purpose weighed 1500 tonnes or more, considerably larger than any European fleet at that time. For example the Vasco da Gama ship is nearly 300 tonnes.
In the 15th century, China obtained sandalwood through the Malacca market. The Chinese market experienced bleak times in the early 1800s with competition for sandalwood from India and with extensive logging in the Pacific Islands. The Chinese market underwent temporary improvements in 1890 and 1900, as Pacific supplies declined, particularly the Hawaiian Islands and the Marquesa losing all of their sandalwood trees within a few years; and in addition, then demand from Europe increased.
Guillemard (1894) states that the Bugis then played an important role, controlling trade from Portuguese Timor (East Timor). Small-scale sandalwood trade is also underway with residents of Kisar and Leti from southwest Maluku who visit Wetar for sandalwood and foodstuffs. Since 1920, Flores has exported sandalwood, but Timor's extensive sandalwood stands are running out. This is partly due to the discovery that sandalwood oil can also be extracted from its roots.
Since 1436, Timor Island has been famous for its sandalwood production, and it is said that this island has no other wealth apart from this special fragrant wood.
Sandalwood is an export commodity that is in demand by Chinese traders who come to trade on the island of Timor. Likewise, the Portuguese traders who bought a lot of sandalwood since 1512 from the same island. In 1566 when the Portuguese established a fort on the island of Solor, the priest of the Dominican Order advised the people of Flores, Lombok, Alor, Roti, and Timor, so that around the fortress developed a community consisting of Mestizo-Timor pirates, Portuguese soldiers and sailors, and traders sandalwood from Macao and Malacca.